Most Common Skin Conditions and How to Treat Them
Suffering from a skin condition is no fun. Unfortunately, many skin conditions are very common. In this article, we’ll go over some of the most common skin conditions in men, women, and children, and then talk about prevention and treatment.
The Most Common Skin Conditions
There are many different types of skin conditions and we’ll go over some of the most common skin conditions out there. Some of the most common skin conditions are temporary while others are chronic. We’ll outline the temporary ones first and then talk about skin conditions that never fully go away.
Acne is likely the most common skin condition. A whopping 80% of people age 11 to 30 experience at least on acne breakout, but acne can affect people of all ages. Acne is characterized by clusters of pimples or raised red bumps. Acne typically occurs on the face, chest, and back, but it can really crop up anywhere on the body. The skin condition is caused by hair, sebum, and skin cells that clog pores, causing bacteria to grow underneath the skin. Often, pus will be present underneath pimples. There are several types of acne pimples including papules, blisters, pustules, cysts, nodules, blackheads, and whiteheads. To treat acne, avoid excessive contact with acne patches as well as oil but do not overdry your skin. A doctor can help you if skin problems continue with further medical advice.
Psoriasis is a skin condition caused by rapidly multiplying skin cells which cause red plaques that are then often covered with white scales. It affects at least 7.5 million Americans and it is most common in adults. Psoriasis occurs most often on the scalp, knees, and elbows, but can appear anywhere. There are several different varieties of psoriasis including plaque psoriasis (the most common), pustular psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, and guttate psoriasis. To treat psoriasis, use creams, ointments, and moisturizers. There are natural creams that one can use in place of medical prescriptions.
Eczema, particularly the variety called atopic dermatitis, is fairly common. It is said to affect at least 35 million Americans, and it is most common in infants and children under 5. Eczema can be moderate or severe. It’s often characterized by minor redness and dry or flaky skin, but in severe cases the skin can become very red and irritated. Most eczema worsens whenever it is exposed to certain substances or irritants like fabrics or certain soaps or perfumes. Eczema can be treated by moisturizing the skin regularly with extra strength moisturizers and lotions, avoiding triggers that cause flare ups, and using topical ointments.
Cold sores are painful blister filled with fluid, usually found around the mouth and nose. Itching and burning can occur before and after the cold sore appears. This skin condition is caused by the herpes simplex virus, a virus for which there is no known cure. Typically, the sores will clear themselves up within about two weeks. The sores can be treated with ointments and other medications. A medical doctor can also help you learn to prevent further prevent skin problems.
Warts are fairly common. A wart is an unsightly raised bump on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus. The virus is very contagious and most people will have it at some time in their life. It is spread by close skin to skin contact, and is often associated with sexually transmitted disease. However, it can be spread simply by coming in contact with the affected skin area. Warts are most common on the feet, hands, genitals, and joints, but they can occur anywhere.
Athlete’s foot is a relatively common skin condition that can be characterized as a fungal rash and itchy skin. Fungus that reproduces rapidly in warm and damp areas can cause the condition to worsen. As the name implies, athlete’s foot is common in athletes who sweat profusely. When moisture is trapped beneath non-breathable socks and shoes, it serves as a breeding ground for fungus and can lead to athlete’s foot. Soggy, white, or cracked skin underneath and around the toes is a common sign of athlete’s foot. Treatments for athlete’s foot include ointments and medications and keeping the foot clean and dry. Try an anti-fungal cream to help reduce the appearance of rashes and improve skin health.
Hives are a common sign of an allergic reaction. These welts or blisters are itchy and they can be caused not only by an allergic reaction, but also by stress, snug-fitting clothing, and sicknesses. Antihistamines often serve as a good treatment, but topical ointments are also a viable option.
Contagious Skin Conditions
Skin conditions caused by viruses are typically the most contagious. Many contagious skin conditions are caused by the herpes simplex or herpes zoster virus. Contagious skin conditions caused by these viruses include chickenpox and shingles, warts, molluscum contagiosum, cold sores, and many more. Fungal infections like athlete’s foot, ringworm, and jock itch can also be fairly contagious. Psoriasis and eczema are not contagious skin conditions. An official, medical diagnosis will help you know how to best treat these diseases.