Perioral Dermatitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
Perioral dermatitis is a specific kind of dermatitis that can cause itching, discomfort, and unsightly blemishes. It is not life-threatening, but most people who develop this skin condition would like to get rid of it sooner than later.
This article will explain what perioral dermatitis is as well as its causes, symptoms, and available treatment options.
What is Perioral Dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis is a skin condition where something triggers a rash on and around one of the body’s orifices. When dermatologists talk about perioral dermatitis, they’re usually talking about a breakout around the mouth. However, it’s important to know that the condition can occur anywhere. With some patients, their perioral dermatitis appears around their nose. It’s even possible for perioral dermatitis to appear around the anus or genitals, however, this form of perioral dermatitis is usually referenced by another name, peri-orificial dermatitis.
Perioral dermatitis develops as small, bumps that are red in color on light-skinned patients but skin-toned on darker-skin patients. Perioral dermatitis surrounds whatever orifice it develops around. Meaning, if a patient's perioral dermatitis develops around their mouth, they will have these bumps on their upper lip, chin, and the sides of their mouth.
Perioral dermatitis can affect anyone but it most commonly develops in women between the ages of 15 and 45. There are cases of male patients developing perioral dermatitis but their skin condition is most commonly connected to topical steroid product use.
Causes of Perioral Dermatitis
Doctors and dermatologists alike are not completely sure what causes perioral dermatitis. It’s possible that, like most types of dermatitis, that caustic chemicals in a patient’s soap or perfume is triggering the irritation. Certain ingredients found in specific types of cosmetics, for example, have been found to have a correlated relation with perioral dermatitis.
It could be a third party variable as well that triggers the condition in people. Certain types of yeast and bacteria have been present on a patient’s hair follicles during outbreaks of perioral dermatitis. Even consistent exposure to strong UV rays or wind gusts seem to have a correlated relationship with perioral dermatitis. Hormonal factors and oral contraceptives have also been found to increase one’s chances of developing perioral dermatitis too.
One thing skincare experts have noticed however is that, in many cases, patients who develop perioral dermatitis are usually taking some sort of topical steroid cream. Many perioral dermatitis patients are found taking corticosteroids or a similar type of medication. Even long-term hydrocortisone ointments can increase one’s chances of developing perioral dermatitis.
It’s also worth noting that people who were using these types of creams and ointments were either using them above and beyond how they were recommended or they had been using them for extended periods of time. It is less likely that you will develop perioral dermatitis if you use all medications and topical creams and ointments as prescribed by your doctor or dermatologist.
If you’re using your medications as prescribed and you’re still experiencing the negative effects of perioral dermatitis, talk with your doctor to see if there are alternatives to your current medications and treatment regimens.
Symptoms of Perioral Dermatitis
The symptoms of perioral dermatitis include:
- Rash around the mouth
- Small, red or pink bumps around the mouth or another orifice
- Dry, flaky skin
- Blotchy, red or pink skin
- Mismatched colored patches of skin
It’s important to remember that a rash will vary from patient to patient and will probably even vary from outbreak to outbreak.
In order to properly diagnose perioral dermatitis, you will have to meet with either your doctor or dermatologist. Usually, a diagnosis only requires an in-person appointment, meaning that they do not usually have to conduct further tests.
Once you have an official diagnosis, you can talk to your doctor about different perioral dermatitis treatment options.
Perioral Dermatitis Treatment Options
There are a couple of different treatment options if you find yourself developing perioral dermatitis. Your doctor will most likely start with the easiest things to correct for, being medications, product use, and environmental factors. Expect your doctor to ask you about how and when you use different types of medications. They will likely ask you about both prescription medications and over-the-counter medications. If they find anything worth changing they will explain the changes to you. As we said before, it’s important that you follow your doctor or dermatologist instructions exactly. Misusing medical products can lead to adverse effects, including but not limited to, perioral dermatitis breakouts.
One thing experts have discovered is, if you stop using a topical ointment or cortisone cream in order to reduce your perioral dermatitis breakout, you’re breakout will get worse before it gets better. Many patients are tempted to start using their various creams again just because they’re afraid of their condition getting even worse. Listen to your doctor though and do not fall back on old skincare routines. Yes, your condition will get worse at first, but your skin will adapt and your perioral dermatitis will likely go away if you follow your doctor’s advice.
Your doctor will also ask about personal projects. They’ll probably inquire about what types of soaps, lotions, colognes, and perfumes you use. They’ll ask you about environmental factors as well.
All of these questions serve a function. They help your doctor get an idea for possible reasons why your skin is breaking out in perioral dermatitis so they can make suggestions for how to best treat the condition.
It’s also possible that your doctor may prescribe an oral antibiotic of some kind to help deal with any possible infections that may develop because of your perioral dermatitis.
Emuaid Can Help Treat Your Perioral Dermatitis
If you find yourself suffering from perioral dermatitis, consider using Emuaid to treat your condition. Emuaid is not a steroid and it does not contain hydrocortisone. It’s a natural, homeopathic remedy which has been proven to soothe skin, calm irritation, and encourages healing. It’s safe and does not irritate the skin.
If you’re looking for a natural way to treat irritating skin diseases like perioral dermatitis, Emuaid is the ointment for you. Talk with your doctor and ask if Emuaid is the right homeopathic cream for you and your perioral dermatitis.