The Stages of Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers, more commonly known as bedsores, are a painful and dangerous skin condition. They’re caused by staying in a lying position for an extended period of time. If one’s body weight is constantly pressing down on the same parts of the body, causing blood vessels to get damaged, it eventually creates bedsores.

Most people who lie down long enough to develop bedsores are either disabled, recovering from a massive injury, or elderly. It’s common to develop bedsores on your back, side, and buttocks because these areas usually bear the most weight as one remains stationary.

This article will touch on the four stages of pressure ulcers and what each stage looks like.

Stages Of Pressure Ulcers

Stage 1 Bedsore

Stage 1 Bedsores

Stage 1 bedsores are often characterized by reddish, painful skin. This stage of pressure ulcers only affects the top layer of skin which may feel either cool or warm to the touch. The skin tissue, which has developed a stage 1 bedsore, feels different from the surrounding skin.

Stage 2 Bedsore

Stage 2 Bedsores

Stage 2 bedsores begin forming open sores and blisters. The area surrounding these sores and bumps will likely turn red and become irritated. Expect to feel some discomfort and itching as the pressure ulcer moves from stage 1 to stage 2.

Stage 3 Bedsore

Stage 3 Bedsores

Stage 3 bedsores are much more severe than their stage 2 counterparts. Stage 3 bedsores are characterized by sunken sores that start forming holes through the second layer of skin tissue. Stage 3 pressure ulcers are likely to damage the skin more severely than previous stages. You may be able to see some body fat when looking into the sore. You may see some blood as well.

Stage 4 Bedsore

Stage 4 Bedsores

Stage 4 bedsores are the most advanced stage of bedsores where the pressure sores pass the skin and muscle causing serious damage to both layers of body tissue as well as the immediate area’s blood supply. The sores go down into the body tissue until some of the sores reach the bone, tendons, and joints. Stage 4 bedsores are incredibly painful The sores are likely to turn black and become easily infected. Since the ulcers go down to the bone, infections are incredibly serious.

What To Do At Each Of The Stages Of Pressure Ulcers

Stage 1 and 2 pressure ulcers will heal on their own if you take the proper procedures.  Use special pillows and foam cushions to relieve pressure on these parts of your body. There are specialty cushions for different kinds of ulcers and different parts of the body. A doctor can help you know which cushions will best help you.

Try changing positions as often as possible to avoid undue pressure on body parts where stage 1 and 2 bedsores are developing.

Stage 3 and 4 pressure ulcers need more, serious care and will take a long time to heal properly. You treat these ulcers in a similar way you treat the previous stages, but you have to be much more careful with how you interact with the wounds. Under no circumstances should you massage the skin near or around the ulcers as this will reduce blood flow and possibly cause more sores to appear.

When you first recognize that you’re developing bedsores, call a doctor immediately for help. A doctor can help teach you best practices for caring for pressure ulcers.

You can also use Emuaid to fight infections associated with bedsores. Many of the antibacterial ingredients found in Emuaid are great for preventing infection.